October, 2012

Are Extremes Going to Be the ‘New Normal’?

October 31st, 2012 at 8:45 pm by under 4 Warn Weather

It is natural for scientists and nonscientists to ponder whether the virtually unprecedented hybrid superstorm is still another sign of the climate models’ predicted more frequent extremes? Short answer: Quite possibly.  Sea surface temperature anomalies off the eastern U.S. are positive.  Can it be PROVEN this is due to overall warming? No, but the trend of this happening in more years in recent decades is clear. The rarity of the evolution of this hurricane into a hybrid hurricane with a wind field greater than 1000 miles in diameter cannot be overstated. That broadening of the wind field was modeled despite increasing wind shear, and continental influences. By any and all measures, this was an extreme event.

I can’t really answer my own question conclusively. I know it and you know it. But the water levels in NY harbor have risen 15 inches in the past 150 years, and 4 to 6 inches of that–providing uncountable (to me, anyway) millions of tons of extra water– has occurred in just the last 15 years. At the very least, any hydrologist, storm surge specialist or storm surge modeler can safely postulate that extreme coastal storms will have greater effects than they would have had just 15 years ago. They will have greater destructive potential. Even less powerful storms will be able to produce more damage along the coasts and in harbors–including the financial and cultural capital of our nation, New York City.

As I’ve said before, I don’t know how much can be done to mitigate the effects of these new risks and, if global warming is the cause, the warming itself. But in the massive rebuilding of the infrastructure which is required, along with recreational and vacation communities, this new Probability will have to be factored into the costs, design and engineering of the new infrastructure. How we afford all that is a question for others to answer. That’s out of my field. But what I’ve said here is that even if we don’t see another storm like Sandy for a long time, other powerful storms will be able to cause more and more damage with the passage of time.

The “Big One” is Starting to Look More Plausible.

October 24th, 2012 at 12:48 pm by under 4 Warn Weather

Okay…the Big News is the radical departure in the 12z operational GFS. The GFS now keeps this storm closer to the middle Atlantic seaboard and has it fully captured by the inland 500mb trough, bringing it onshore near Maine as a monster Atlantic storm Tue-Wed, on the scale of what we’ve been seeing in the Euro. It stacks it up vertically near the Adirondacks by Wed night-Thur.

While the synoptic scale of the model doesn’t lend itself to close scrutiny as to where the best dynamical cooling will occur, this solution would make a period of at least mountain snow more likely. The storm would bring destructive tidal flooding to eastern New England, especially Maine, and the potential for high winds well into the interior back to WNY and PA. The modeled 850 temp doesn’t really get quite cold enough for snow, but strong vertical velocity might overcome this. With even the out-to-sea Canadian GEM showing a second strong low reforming near New England, the majority of operational models are on board for an immense Atlantic storm to move to the coast and inland.

I have not yet seen ensemble members in the GFS run…and this could still be an all rain event, especially at the lower elevations.

Champions on the Move to Fight MS 2012

October 24th, 2012 at 8:10 am by under Jacquie Walker's Newsroom Notebook

On Friday, October 19, about 275 people attended the first-ever Champions on the Move luncheon to benefit the Upstate New York Chapter of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society.

Jason Santiago, a physician assistant at Kinkel Neurologic, accepting his Young Person on the Move Award.

The Champions on the Move luncheon honored ten individuals and organizations that are working to improve the lives of those who have Multiple Sclerosis. Western New York has one of the highest rates of MS in the country — and no one knows why. James Kalec was honored as the Stephen H. Kelly Award recipient for his outstanding volunteerism over several years.

Christina Bosilkovski, who has volunteered for a host of chapter activities, was honored with the Young Person on the Move Award. Christina’s mother, who has lived with MS for many years, was able to attend the luncheon to watch her daughter’s honor.

Robyn Zimmer has created a line of jewelry, embracethedifference.org, which provides support to the Upstate New York chapter. Robyn received the Stephen H. Kelly Award for outstanding volunteers.

Maria Torres, who was diagnosed with MS in 2010, is working hard to raise awareness about multiple sclerosis among Buffalo’s Spanish-speaking population. She is planning an MS information program on Saturday, November 10, from noon to 2 p.m. at Casa Di Pizza on Elmwood Avenue. Call 873-6520 to reserve your spot. Maria was honored Friday with the Anne Schuell Inspiration Award. Her son, Michael, was on hand to see it and to take this photo!

Charles Joyce was also honored with the Anne Schuell Inspiration Award for his outstanding support of the Upstate New York chapter. This year, Charlie offered to match every dollar raised for Walk MS Wellsville. He donated $14,000 for that event!

Mary Gabalski is president of the Chautauqua Region MS Society and has worked hard coordinating Walk MS Jamestown over the past few years. Mary was honored as a very busy Volunteer On The Move.

Diagnosed with multiple sclerosis just two years ago, Nicole Burroughs has quickly become a ‘go-to’ volunteer for chapter activities and a top fundraiser for Walk MS. Nicole’s support was recognized with the Volunteer On The Move Award.

I was very pleased to emcee the first Champions on the Move luncheon. The Upstate New York Chapter is hoping to make this an annual event.

Jenna Beall Schwab represented the Queen City Roller Girls in accepting the Group on the Move Award. The Roller Girls have participated in a number of community programs to benefit the Upstate New York Chapter.

Ron Tanski accepted the Group on the Move Award on behalf of National Fuel Gas Company. Tanski and National Fuel have been long-term supporters of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society.

The Only Certainty in the Winter Outlook is the Uncertainty

October 18th, 2012 at 8:06 pm by under 4 Warn Weather

We are, frankly, in scientific nowheresville when it comes to the predictability of the upcoming winter. NOAA/CPC issued their new Winter Outlook this afternoon (October 18th), and we have seen quite a change from previous CPC outlooks for the eastern U.S. from modest anomalies projecting a warmer than average winter to what most our bloggers have seen before–”EC”. That’s Equal Chances. It could go either way, temperatures and precipitation. That’s tied to what I’ve been posting about for some weeks now. In layman’s terms, it’s the lack of anything upon which to hang a hat. We’ve gone from modeled projections of a weak to moderate el nino which was supposed to have set up by late summer to a currently nonexistent el nino (neutral ENSO). Many models are still projecting a limited chance for a weak el nino to develop this autumn and then fade away in the winter. But there is no sign of that happening at this time.

IMPO, the CPC had no choice but to broaden the EC coverage because of the neutral ENSO, and because other models they use show only a modestly better than even chance for milder than average conditions in parts of the central and western US, with a stronger chance of warmer than average temperatures in northern Alaska in November, and in the Alaska panhandle in Dec-January. With the unpredictability of the NAO, AO, PNA, and MJO beyond a couple of weeks, the uncertainties in the east central and much of the eastern US have increased. CPC was hoping for a better el nino signal so they could at least tie into el nino climatology. Without even that weak signal, EC was definitely the way to go. It probably won’t be until we get very close to the cold weather season when we can even venture a guess as to whether or not a prevalent trend may begin to show for the AO and/or the NAO.

As I’ve posted several times, research done by Bob Hamilton of the NWS Buffalo Office shows that weak el ninos tend to be associated with normal to below normal temperatures in WNY winters, with no correlation shown for snow. However, the original date of his research was in 2004, when Judah Cohen’s work was in its infancy, and even less was known about the MJO than is known now–which isn’t that much. The other variables being unknowns at this point reinforces the need for EC locally as well, even if that’s not what most of the public wants to hear. WE. DON’T. KNOW.

Getting Set for the Congressional Debate

October 16th, 2012 at 8:25 am by under Jacquie Walker's Newsroom Notebook

Many of the participants in News 4′s upcoming debate in the 27th Congressional District were in the WIVB-TV studios last week to get acquainted with the format, set-up, and equipment.

We hope you will tune in to this half-hour debate on Wednesday, October 17th, at 10:30pm.

Adam Francis will be timekeeper, Aaron Mason is producer, Diana Fairbanks will ask questions from viewers, I’ll be moderating, Susan Rose will ask questions, and Tony Battilana is director.

Buffalo News political columnist Bob McCarthy, who will be asking questions of the candidates, was looking over the studio layout.

WBEN’s Susan Rose was photographed by WIVB’s Jim Diavastes for the promotional announcement about the debate.

It will take some work to convert the news studio into the debate studio. News Director Joe Schlaerth and Assistant News Director Pamm Lent are overseeing the preparations.

Columbus Day Dinner Names 2012 Man of the Year

October 10th, 2012 at 11:01 am by under Jacquie Walker's Newsroom Notebook

Hundreds of people gathered at Salvatore’s Italian Gardens Sunday night for the 105th annual Columbus Day Dinner sponsored by the Federation of Italian American Societies of WNY.

Peter LoJacono is President of the Federation of Italian American Societies of WNY which sponsors the Columbus Day Dinner.

I was emcee for the 105th annual Columbus Day Dinner sponsored by the Federation of Italian American Societies of WNY. The Federation works to promote appreciation of Italian culture and the contributions of Italian-Americans in WNY.

Buffalo Mayor Byron Brown and his wife Michelle attended the dinner which I emceed.

Peter LoJacono and Teresa Marcello presented a serigraph of the landing of Christopher Columbus to developer Rocco Termini as Termini was named Man of the Year. The original of this artwork hangs in the Capitol rotunda in Washington, D.C.

Developer Rocco Termini was named Man of the Year in recognition of his wide range of projects reclaiming and restoring buildings in downtown Buffalo, notably the Hotel @Lafayette. In a touching tribute, Termini told the crowd his father had once shined shoes in the Hotel Lafayette — which Termini has now restored.

Generally More Moderate Temps Arrive This Weekend; Fuzzy Details Follow

October 9th, 2012 at 9:38 pm by under 4 Warn Weather

As forecasted last week, a couple more shots of chilly air will reinforce the cool pattern in place since this past weekend. But a fairly abrupt turnaround will begin to take shape on Saturday, after a potentially widespread frost and freeze before dawn. During the weekend, an area of low pressure moving north of our region will provide a gusty warmup, accompanied by some showers–mainly on Sunday. After that, the details grow somewhat hazier.

It does appear unlikely that the lower 48 will be visited by any true arctic airmasses for some time, with a more zonal/west-to-east flow showing up in the mean. That’s the big, fuzzy picture. However, short wave low pressure systems are still likely to traverse this flow, producing ups and downs not yet discernible in this mean flow. Some ensembles and models have a trough trying to establish itself over the central U.S., while others keep that trough more to the west, which would allow a warm ridge to build up over the east. There is a great deal of “spread” between models and some ensembles, leading to a great deal of uncertainty in the details after Sunday. Confidence levels at CPC are only 2 out of 5 and 1 out of 5 respectively for the 6-10 & 8-14 day outlook periods. Although the “indices”, the AO, NAO, and PNA do not initially match up with the zonal flow all that well, other inputs keep models and ensembles in rough agreement that there will be no lasting western ridge/eastern trough pattern in that time period. That does not preclude a couple of those “ups and downs” amplifying within that moderate mean pattern, as I’d posted in the last thread.

Warmup builds for a few days; then a fairly sharp Cool Down arrives in a Pattern Shift.

October 1st, 2012 at 12:26 pm by under 4 Warn Weather

Temperatures will be running above average Tuesday through Thursday of this week, with a fairly sharp cold front arriving by around Friday (some uncertainty in the timing). Fairly abundant Gulf moisture will be streaming overhead by Tuesday, but the triggering mechanism doesn’t look strong enough to deliver coverage or amounts suggested by the amount of precipitable water which would be available. Temps will peak on Wednesday–probably the warmest day in some time, heading toward the mid 70s in many lower elevation locations, with residual warmth on Thursday. There could be a few Tshwrs Wednesday, mainly late, though much of the day will prove to be rainfree.

The long-advertised pattern change to cool, then Chilly, temperatures is still coming. While nothing looks extreme, the ensemble mean 500 mb products suggest persistence from the weekend through about Thursday of next week. However, the reality will probably be some embedded short waves traversing the longer wave trough, producing some ups and downs through the chilly pattern. Some limited lake shower response will show up along the way–timing still to be worked out.